Podcasting with GarageBand


http://www.apple.com/support/ilife/tutorials/garageband/index.html

Getting Started

Click on the little guitar icon on the dock or go to Applications>GarageBand.
File>New>New Podcast Episode




Click on the green button to maximize the screen.

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Click on the eye icon to see music loops.

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Next to the eye icon, there is a track editor. When you open a track editor, the Media Browser is going away.

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To open the Media Editor, go to Control>Show Media Browser.

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Optimize

GarageBand>Preferences Use minimum delay when playing instruments live.
Under Export select Audio Podcasting Settings (Musical Podcast), Movie Settings (Video Podcast), and Publish Podcast settings.
To improve performance, lock your tracks.

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You can't edit track without unlocking it.


Changing the Audio Input and Output


Open computer preferences and click on the audio button.
Select the sound input and output in the window.

Working with the Timeline

Click on the eye icon, select a loop, and drag it to the Timeline.

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Drag a slider to maximize and minimize your track.

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If you slide a bar in the Track Editor, you can see your project and calculate time.

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You have to select a clock icon to see time.

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Podcasting Presets

When you open a new podcast episode, you have 5 tracks by default.
The male track has been optimized for a male voice, while the female track - for female voice.
Radio Effects track is for the special effects sounds.
To add a new track, click on the plus button and select software or real instruments.


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GarageBand automatically adds the Grand Piano track.
To delete the track, go to the Track menu and select delete track.

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You can create a duplicate track and create a new basic track.

To make your voice deeper, duplicate your voice track, and with Option key selected drag sound file to your duplicated track. Now you should have two tracks available for the podcast, and your voice will sound richer. If you don't like the effect you created, simply go to the Track>Delete Track.
To change order of your tracks, click on the track and position where you want it.
It is easy to rename the track. Double-click a name on the Track (for example, Grand Piano) and change it.

Muting and Soloing Tracks


To add a sound loop to Jingles Track, select the Jingles Track>Loops>Jungles>Cinematic>Broadcast News Short.

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You can mute your tracks by clicking on the speaker icon. Your track will change color.

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Instead of muting all your tracks, you can solo the track.

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Setting Levels


The moving green bars show the sound volume level. If the corner triangles are getting red, it means that you have to readjust gain by moving a slider to the left or right.

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You can control sound level on all your track by changing the master volume control.


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If you can't get a good level of sound from your microphone, you can buy preamplifier (cost around $40).

Planning your Podcast

It is better to create your podcast in 15 minute segments.
First preview what you will be covering in your podcast. Then present your topic and stay on target. At the end, recap and summarise your podcast. Finally, one of the most important parts is tease where you in couple sentences outline what you will be covering in your next podcast. Keep your topics moving. Use 3-5 minute segments per topic. And tease. tease. tease... Always tell the audience what
is coming up next. Music spices up your podcast. Add jingles, bumpers, logos and IDs. It is better to use the same jingle to start and
open your podcast. It will become like your program identifier.

The podcast flow has the following structure: intro outlines your topic and date, segment 1, Promo (ad or next show information.
Promos are usually longer and sound like commercial), Segment 2, Tease, Segment 3, Closing Comments, Outro.

Headphones and Microphones


It is a good practise ot have a pair of monitoring headphones when you record your podcast. For example, AKG K240. They are about $100. They are known as flat respond -- they don't add base to your sound. One of the best microphones is SHURE SM56 www.shure.com (around $100). This microphone will require preamplifier. You can also use build-in microphone.
To reduce popping sounds while recording, you can add windscreen or pop filter.

Using a Mic

Position your mic above your mouse. Distance between the mic and your mouse should be 4-5 inches.

Audio Interface

Before you start recording your podcast, don't forget to change in GarageBand>Preferences>Audio/MIDI>Audio Input and Output.

If you need to connect more than one mic to your computer, you have to use a USB or FireWire mixer (Alesis).

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Mixers have a preamplifier installed in it. Some microphones require a Phantom Power and should be connected with preamp. Some microphones can be directly connected without a preamp.

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Recording

Start a new podcast episode, make sure your external microphone is connected, recording button is enabled on the track, and
volume levels don't create the red light.

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You can record as many episodes as you need for your podcast.
When you done with recording, save as archive or compact project for uploading on the Web.

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